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Aqua2Farm - Boosting sustainable urban farming by near infrared spectroscopy with aquaphotomics

Publicerad 2021-10-03

Om uppdragsgivaren
At Mälardalen University people meet who want to develop themselves and the future. We have 19 900 students reading courses and study programs in Business and Economics, Health, Engineering and Education at our campuses in Eskilstuna and Västerås, or by distance. We conduct research within all fields of education and have internationally prominent research in Future Energy. Our close collaboration with the private and public sectors enables us at MDH to contribute towards the better health of people and towards a more sustainable planet. To strengthen Sweden as an education and research country, the Government is to upgrade Mälardalen University College to Mälardalen University from 1 January 2022. At the School of Business, Society and Engineering our students are studying to be for example Bachelors or Masters of Engineering, political scientists, and business administrators. Here we have the research specializations of Industrial Engineering and Management and Future Energy. Our work takes place in cooperation with and in strategic agreements with companies, organizations, and public authorities in the region.

Beskrivning av examensarbetet
According to the UN´s Food and Agriculture Organization, the world community must find new climate-friendly solutions to increase food production by 70%, mainly due to the world population rising to 10 billion in 2050. This challenge can be addressed by diversification of the food chain where alternative and local food production facilities such as urban farms are introduced. The urban farming concept brings many advantages compared to standard conventional agriculture production, such as a controlled environment.

There is a great demand for sensors that monitor plant growth and growth conditions and factors and detect anomalies as early as possible. Identifying anomalies in the early stage allows for the appropriate introduction of correction measures e.g., temperature control, pH control, light intensity adjustments, etc..
Single-point and hyperspectral imaging HSI near-infrared NIR spectroscopy sensors can provide a real-time, rapid, and non-destructive crop nutrient monitoring method to optimize the plant growth cycle. Furthermore, The NIR sensors´ capability to monitor plants in vertical urban farming can be enhanced by implementing a novel scientific discipline in the spectroscopy field called aquaphotomics that greatly complement standard qualitative and quantitative NIR spectroscopic analysis.

The aim of the project is to demonstrate the potential to implement spectroscopy sensors and novel scientific discipline aquaphotomics to achieve better results in plant growth monitoring in vertical urban farms facilities to achieve optimal growth. Specifically, the project aims to establish and evaluate how the low-cost single point and Hyperspectral imaging near-infrared sensors can be used and integrated into an urban vertical farm system to achieve optimal growth plants. It is followed by the evaluation of how can the aquaphotomics approach complement the standard chemometric approach to enable real-time monitoring of plant growth in the facility.

Dr. Jan Skvaril

Room: R1-442, Campus Västerås
Laboratory: R1-132 Spectralab, Campus Västerås
Mobile: +46 (0)73 66 20 977

Mälardalen University
Future Energy Center

School of Business, Society and Engineering (EST)
Division of Sustainable Environment and Construction
P. O. Box 883, Högskoleplan 2, Gåsmyrevreten
SE-721 23 Västerås, Sweden
Phone: +46 (0) 2110 1300


Malardalen University


Sista ansökningdag

VT2022, HT2022

AQUA2FARM Project de
Contact Jan Skvaril
Detailed description

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