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Master thesis on drone and solar cells

Publicerad 2019-11-28


Om uppdragsgivaren
Våra 15 000 studenter läser kurser och program inom ekonomi, hälsa, teknik och utbildning. Vi bedriver forskning inom alla utbildningsområden och har internationellt framstående forskning inom framtidens energi och inbyggda system. Vårt nära samarbete med näringsliv och offentlig sektor gör att vi på MDH bidrar till att människor mår bättre och jorden håller längre. MDH finns på båda sidor om Mälaren med campus i Eskilstuna och Västerås.

Beskrivning av examensarbetet
A drone or a UAV unmanned aerial vehicle typically refers to a pilotless aircraft that operates through a combination of technologies, including computer vision, artificial intelligence, object avoidance tech, and others. But drones can also be ground or sea vehicles that operate autonomously. Drone technology has been used by defense organizations and tech-savvy consumers for quite some time. With the rising accessibility of drones, many of the most dangerous and high-paying jobs within the commercial sector are ripe for displacement by drone technology. The use cases for safe, cost-effective solutions range from data collection to delivery. And as autonomy and collision-avoidance technologies improve, so too will drones’ ability to perform increasingly complex tasks. According to forecasts, the emerging global market for business services using drones is valued at over 100 billion US$ [1].
The energy consumption of drones vary between 5-20 J/m [2] depending on model, load and speed. The choice of battery or energy storage media substantially affects the delivery range and environmental impact of a drone. Currently, lithium polymer LiPo batteries for electric motors, and gasoline for combustion engines are currently used to power drones. LiPo batteries provides delivery ranges between few kilometres up to 30-40 km.
A viable solution to increase the delivery range is to integrate solar cells with batteries.
The aim of this thesis is to investigate through mathematical simulations and experiments/measurements how the range of drones can be increased by using different type of solar cells. The thesis will take into consideration the effects of solar cells on the weight of the drones as well as the dynamic power production depending on climate conditions and working mode.
This thesis will be in collaboration with H.A.L. Drones AB. H.A.L. Drones AB key focus is to enable the opportunities drones can provide to society and in business. H.A.L. Drones AB has extensive experience within the aviation industry as flight instructors. See www.haldrones.se


Reference
[1] https://www.cbinsights.com/research/drone-impact-society-uav/
[2] Stolaroff, J. K., Samaras, C., O’Neill, E. R., Lubers, A., Mitchell, A. S., & Ceperley, D. 2018. Energy use and life cycle greenhouse gas emissions of drones for commercial package delivery. Nature communications, 91, 409.


Kontaktperson
Pietro Elia Campana
pietro.campana@mdh.se
0736620785


Tillbaka
  Utbildningsområde
Teknik/Energiteknik/Miljö/Transport

Uppdragsgivare
Mälardalen University

Ort
Västerås

Sista ansökningdag
2020-01-15

Genomförandeperiod
2020, VT



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